wtorek, 26 stycznia 2016

The TPR method as a way to learn English

What the TPR is? 

Total Physical Response is the approach developed by Dr James J. Asher. He noticed many similarities between learning foreign and mother language. The child responds physically to the speech of the parent, and the parent reinforces the child’s responses through further speech. The point is to give commands to the young learners who respond with whole -body actions. It’s very natural way for young learnes to assimilate new languages, that’s why teachers use it in their work.

Benefits of the TPR: 

- it imitates the way of assimilating the mother language (hours of listening, decoding through body movements),
-it’s funny way for children to learn something new,
-it’s easy and memorable method,
-it’s very good tool for building vocabulary,
- it creates positive thinking,
- it helps students to understand the target language faster and better,

This approach gives students opportunities to be active, relaxing and not frightening that they will do something wrong. The teacher gives motivation and he/she encourages students to react. The TPR should be combine with other methods, because it’s limited (everything cannot be explained with it).

Several games with using the TPR…

Simon says 
Students only do the action you say when you start the sentence with “Simon says…” and should stay still if you say just the action word (“Jump!”). To add competition you can add or take away points or eliminate people if they move when you don’t say “Simon says…”. More useful language than “Simon says…” you can use to start the sentences includes “Your teacher says…” and “You should/ can/ must…”

Sensible animal mimes 
In this variation on Animals and Actions, students only follow the instructions if the teacher says a sentence that is true in nature, e.g. “A bird flies” but not “A snake plays tennis”.

Opposite actions
Dealing with actions as opposites not only makes them more memorable but can also add an element of fun, e.g. do “climb up, climb up, climb up” with the tension building and then “fall down!”

…and rhymes

Two arms and two hands
two legs and ten toes
two eyes and two ears
one mouth and one nose.

2. Stand up! Sit down!
Point to the window! Look around!
Now stand up! Point to the door!
Point to the desk! Point to the floor!

Stamp your feet. Snap your fingers.
Clap your hands.
Point to the ceiling. Point to the floor.
Point to the window. Point to the door.
Clap your hands together.
One, two, three.
Now all sit down and look at me.

As a parent you can take part in practising your childrens’ English and use above rhymes as fast inclusions during the day. 

Autor: Agata
Ukończyła studia magisterskie na Uniwersytecie Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach na kierunku Pedagogika; specjalność:  Edukacja Wczesnoszkolna i Przedszkolna z nauczaniem Języka Angielskiego.

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